Ten Days of Brescia

Siege of Brescia
Ten Days of Brescia

Part of the Italian Wars of Independence

Episode from the Ten Days of Brescia in 1849

Date
23 March – 1 April 1849[1]

Location
Brescia, Lombardy

Result
Capitulation of Brescia[3]

Belligerents

Brescia[1][2]
Austrian Empire[3]

Commanders and leaders

Tito Speri
Giuseppe Martinengo
Pietro Boifava
[4][5][6]
Julius von Haynau
Field marshal
Johann Graf Nugent †
Major general
[7][8]

Strength

Numerous barricades[9]
armed insurgents:[7][10]
2,000–3,000
Austrian garrison:[11]
4 companies & 30 guns
Nugent Brigade:[7][8]
2,300 infantry & cavalry
4 guns
30-pound Mörser-Batterie

Casualties and losses

ca. 1,000 killed [12][13]
Including Civilians [14]
16 executed[10]
31 March and 1 April: [7]
53 KIA[7]
including 3 officers
209 wounded[7]
including 13 officers
54 MIA[7]

v
t
e

First Italian
War of Independence

Milan
Pastrengo
Santa Lucia
Goito
Peschiera (it)
Vicenza
Custoza
Mestre
Novara
Brescia

Revolutions of 1848 in the Italian states

Sicilian revolution of 1848
Five Days of Milan
Republic of San Marco
Roman Republic

The Ten Days of Brescia (Italian: Dieci giornate di Brescia) was a revolt which broke out in the northern Italian city of that name, which lasted from March 23 to April 1, 1849.
In the early 19th century Brescia was part of the Austrian puppet state called Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia. The revolt, headed by the patriot Tito Speri, began on the same day as the Battle of Novara (though news of Austria’s victory there had not yet reached Brescia).
The Austrian troops under general Nugent, were initially surprised and retired to the castle, from which they heavily cannonaded the city, damaging many of Brescia’s historical monuments. A total encirclement of Brescia was established by the Austrians beginning on the 8th day of the revolt, when reinforcements arrived. The following day General Haynau, later nicknamed “The Hyena of Brescia”, came and demanded the unconditioned surrender of the Bresciani. As the latter refused, the fighting continued until late night, when the heads of the revolt decided to surrender. The following day (April 1), however, the Austrian troops sacked the city and massacred numerous inhabitants before the surrender could be signed.
Some 1,000 citizens were killed during the battle. For its fierce resistance, the city of Brescia earned the surname Leonessa d’Italia (Lioness of Italy).
Sources[edit]

^ a b Corti, S
일산오피